Human Generated Data

Title

Fluxus (Its Historical Development and Relationship to Avant-Garde Movements)

Date

c.1966

People

Artist: George Maciunas, American 1931 - 1978

Publisher: Fluxus, American

Classification

Prints

Credit Line

Harvard Art Museums/Fogg Museum, Anonymous Loan, 73.1997

Copyright

© George Maciunas Foundation / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York.

Human Generated Data

Title

Fluxus (Its Historical Development and Relationship to Avant-Garde Movements)

People

Artist: George Maciunas, American 1931 - 1978

Publisher: Fluxus, American

Date

c.1966

Classification

Prints

Machine Generated Data

Tags

Amazon
created on 2019-04-05

Advertisement 98.6
Brochure 97.5
Paper 97.5
Flyer 97.5
Text 96.5
Poster 92.7
Label 63.8
Page 62.8

Clarifai
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number 95.8
page 95.1
template 94.7
label 93.7
layout 90.9
form 90.7
administration 88.7
paper 88.7
information 87.2
presentation 87.2
vintage 86.3
text 85.8
business 85.2
diagram 84.3
document 83.8
time 82.9
card 81.8
no person 81.7
World Wide Web 81.5
stripe 81.4

Imagga
created on 2018-04-19

newspaper 69.9
product 50
crossword puzzle 50
creation 41
puzzle 40.4
text 30.6
game 28.8
book 27.7
business 27.4
menu 25.6
daily 23.8
paper 22.8
old 22.3
page 21.4
design 20.3
fare 19.7
bible 19.6
religion 18.8
read 18.3
new 17.8
information 17.7
antique 17.3
print 17
religious 16.9
letter 16.5
holy 16.4
finance 16.1
document 15.8
prayer 15.5
money 15.3
word 15.1
close 14.9
data 14.6
spiritual 14.4
creative 14.1
art 13.8
faith 13.4
god 13.4
element 13.2
detail 12.9
pages 12.7
open 12.6
office 12.1
cover 12
testament 11.9
gospel 11.9
definition 11.8
black 11.4
education 11.3
cloud 11.2
church 11.1
graphic 11
scripture 10.9
decorative 10.9
decoration 10.9
association 10.8
vintage 10.8
financial 10.7
world 10.6
copy 10.6
food 10.5
composition 10.4
artwork 10.1
collection 9.9
journal 9.8
idea 9.8
words 9.8
schedule 9.8
belief 9.8
king 9.7
collage 9.6
saint 9.6
map 9.6
writing 9.4
study 9.3
modern 9.1
backdrop 9.1
passage 8.9
organizer 8.8
diary 8.8
calendar 8.7
advertisement 8.7
advertising 8.6
day 8.6
date 8.6
bank 8.6
stock 8.4
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market 8
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chapter 7.9
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biblical 7.9
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catholic 7.8
ancient 7.8
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future 7.5
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template 7.3
wealth 7.2

Google
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text 91.1
font 69.8
product design 59
product 55.4

Microsoft
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text 96.5

Feature analysis

Amazon

Poster 92.7%

Captions

Microsoft

a close up of text on a black background 80.2%
a close up of text on a white background 80.1%
close up of text on a black background 78.9%

Text analysis

Amazon

HISTORICAL
DEVELOPMENT
FLUXUS
FLUXUS HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT AND RELATIONSHIP MOVEMENTS)
MOVEMENTS)
the
RELATIONSHIP
and
AND
DERIVED
INCLUDE
DERIVED SEMANTICS
SEMANTICS
3. CULTURAL
I.ARTIFICIAL:

Google

FLUXUS
HISTORICAL
it
pretending
avant-garde
to
definition
of
ambiguous
also
semantics
makes
opposite
that
fluxus
occur
at
art,
the
comprehension
development,
this
borderline
defined
attempts
by
eliminating
categories
DERIVED
PAST
follows
INCLUDE
death)
2.
maintainance
health,
science
(language)
all
with
ARTS**
literary,
plastic,
kinetic.
Past
history
shows
activities
and
utility
object
would
rather
no.2
there
in
similar
active
up
(only
individuals
within
fluxus;
anticollective
for
personal
glory,
Low,
b)
rival
c)
competitive
attitude,
forming
indicated
each
such
JONES
RIDDER
CORNER
DICK
BERNER
SHIGEKO
JUNE
MAC
LOW
HI
RED
CENTER
STRUCTURAL
ROBERT
USE
ARTHUR
KaPCKE
TOMAS
GIUSEPPE
TOSHI
RICHARD
MAXFIELD
MERCE
RAINER
NAM
PAIK
DEWEY
VISUAL
UNRELATED
MIXTURE
SHIP
AVANT-GARDE
MOVEMENTS
fine
includes
very
nevertheless
disadvantage
an
non-art
art
beyond
its
rationaly
ART
FROM
SEMANTICS
APP
LICABLE
AND
elimination,
from
category
sub
or
un-conscious
essential
3.
pretence
profundity,
institutional
FINE
leisure,
these
leisure
arts
is
creation
movements
describe
efficiently
various
post-1959
upon
influence
strength
thicknesses
formation
still
Brecht
since
but
on
excessive
prima
(Mac
groups
offering
(Paik,
Paik).
name.
indicate
GAG
SPIKE
HOFFMAN
KNIZAK
JOE
HIGGINS
JEFF
KUBOTA
ALISON
YOKO
MONTE
YOUNG
MARIA
HENRY
z
OF
SCHMIT
CHIAR
PIERRE
MERCURE
ANN
PASSLOFF
EMMETT
JIM
AL
HANSEN
THEATRICAL
ACTS
MEDIA
fashionable
among
broaden
some
practically
broad-
although
convenient
shortcutting
analytical
Elimination
a
entity
border
even
utmost
importance
be
(definition
broad
ARTIFICIAL:
human
events,
acts,
transportation
security
crafts.
jokes,
documentation,
significance,
games,
greatness,
value,
exclusiveness.
musical,
*
have
less
their
activities.
Note
versus
coal
**Dictionary
arts:
concerned
objects
sake
storical
development
related
linear
commentary
more
source
(varying
Within
group
indicated:
1)
collective,
then
Vautier
fill
2)
3)
fluxus,
following
ations:
a)
dona
complex
Kosugi),
greater
(Higgins,
Lines
away
column
MILAN
WILLEM
DE
GEORGE
FREDERIC
KNOWLES
BENJAMIN
PATTERSON
,
VAUTIER
JOHNSON
SIMONE
MORRIS
FLYNT
BROUWN
READY
TAKEHISA
BRUITISM
PHILIP
CIA
HALPRIN
VONNE
CLAES
OLDENBURG
EFFECTS
COMPLEXITY
e
n
people
ALL
PRESENT
process
narrow
1.
(dreams,
NONFUNCTIONAL:
survival
food,
housing,
non
material
progress
technology,
communication
CULTURAL
gags,
sports
concern
"art
which
relation
Since
hi
are
not
chronological
diagram
(relationships
Influences
connecting
links)
George
Ben
category)
presently
4)
motiv
individualism,
Williams,
Dick
Higgins,
opportunism,
publicity
operations
Knowles,
These
lines
out
approximate
themselves
ERIC
MACIUNAS
LIEBERMAN
BEN
LA
RAY
2JOSEPH
BEUYS
WILLIAMS
AILEEN
AF
DINE
WHITMAN
SIMULTANEITY
FLUXUS (ITS HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT AND RELATION SHIP TO AVANT-GARDE MOVEMENTS Today it is fashionable among the avant-garde and the pretending avant-garde to broaden and obscure the definition of fine arts to some ambiguous realm that includes practically everything. Such broad- mindedness although very convenient in shortcutting all analytical thought, has nevertheless the disadvantage of also shortcutting the semantics and thus communication through words. Elimination of borders makes art nonexistent as an entity, since it is an opposite or the existence of a non-art that defines art as an entity Since fluxus activities occur at the border or even beyond the border of art, it is of utmost importance to the comprehension of fluxus and its development, that this borderline be rationaly defined Diagram no.1 attempts at such a definition by the process of eliminating categories not believed to be within the realm of fine arts by people active in these categories DEFINITION OF ART DERIVED FROM SEMANTICS AND APP LICABLE TO ALL PAST AND PRESENT EXAMPLES. (definition follows the process of elimination, from broad categories to narrow category INCLUDE ELIMINATE 1. ARTIFICIAL: all human creation natural events, objects, sub or un-conscious human acts, (dreams, sleep, death) 2. NONFUNCTIONAL: non essential to survival production of food, housing, utilities, transportation maintainance of health, security non essential to material progress science and technology, crafts. games, jokes, sports, fine arts.*education, documentation, communication (language) 3. CULTURAL all with pretence to significance, games, jokes, gags, sports profundity, seriousness, greatness, institutional value, exclusiveness. FINE ARTS** only literary, plastic, musical, kinetic. * Past history shows that the less people have leisure, the less their concern for all these leisure activities. Note the activities in games, sports and fine arts among aristocrats versus coal miners. **Dictionary definition of fine arts: "art which is concerned with the creation of objects of imagination and taste for their own sake and without relation to the utility of the object produced." Since the hi storical development of fluxus and related movements are not linear as a chronological commentary would be, but rather planometrical, a diagram would describe the development and relationships more efficiently Diagram no.2 (relationships of various post-1959 avant-garde movements) Influences upon various movements is indicated by the source of influence and the strength of influence (varying thicknesses of connecting links) Within fluxus group there are 4 categories indicated: 1) individuals active in similar activities prior to formation of fluxus collective, then becoming active within fluxus and still active up to the present day, (only George Brecht and Ben Vautier fill this category) 2) individuals active since the formation of fluxus and still active within fluxus 3) individuals active independently of fluxus since the formation of fluxus, but presently within fluxus; 4) individuals active within fluxus since the formation of fluxus but having since then detached themselves on following motiv ations: a) anticollective attitude, excessive individualism, desire for personal glory, prima dona complex (Mac Low, Schmit, Williams, Nam June Paik, Dick Higgins, Kosugi), b) opportunism, joining rival groups offering greater publicity (Paik, Kosugi, c) competitive attitude, forming rival operations (Higgins, Knowles, Paik). These categories are indicated by lines leading in or out of each name. Lines leading away from the fluxus column indicate the approximate date such individuals detached themselves from fluxus GAG CHARLIE CHAPLIN SPIKE JONES HOFFMAN MILAN KNIZAK TAKAKO SAITO ERIC ANDERSEN JOE JONES WILLEM DE RIDDER GEORGE MACIUNAS PHILIP CORNER DICK HIGGINS JEFF BERNER SHIGEKO KUBOTA FREDERIC LIEBERMAN ALISON KNOWLES BENJAMIN PATTERSON , NAM JUNE PAIK JACKSON MAC LOW KOSUGI TOMAS SCHMIT EMMETT WILLIAMS HI RED CENTER YOKO ONO BEN VAUTIER LA MONTE YOUNG RAY JOHNSON SIMONE MORRIS STRUCTURAL SIMPLICITYWALTER DE MARIA HENRY FLYNT ROBERT MORRIS 2JOSEPH BEUYS z STANLEY BROUWN USE OF READY MADE WALTER DE MARIA ARTHUR KaPCKE TAKEHISA KOSUG ROBERT MORRIS TOMAS SCHMIT EMMETT WILLIAMS LA MONTE YOUNG GIUSEPPE CHIAR BRUITISM INDETERMINACY PHILIP CORNER CIA TOSHI ICHIY PIERRE MERCURE RICHARD MAXFIELD MERCE CUNNINGHAM ANN HALPRIN VONNE RAINER AILEEN PASSLOFF JACKSON MAC LOW EMMETT WILLIAMS NAM JUNE PAIK KEN DEWEY BENGT AF KLINTBERG ALLAN KAPROW CLAES OLDENBURG JIM DINE ROBERT WHITMAN AL HANSEN z VISUAL THEATRICAL EFFECTS SIMULTANEITY OF UNRELATED ACTS SYNTHETIC STRUCTURAL COMPLEXITY e n MIXTURE OF MEDIA
TO
Today
obscure
realm
everything.
Such
mindedness
thought,
has
thus
nonexistent
entity,
defines
believed
(ITS
DEVELOPMENT
RELATION
through
words.
borders
as
existence
Diagram
no.1
DEFINITION
EXAMPLES.
ELIMINATE
natural
objects,
sleep,
production
utilities,
sports,
arts.*education,
seriousness,
only
aristocrats
miners.
imagination
taste
own
without
produced."
be,
planometrical,
relationships
movements)
4
prior
becoming
present
day,
independently
having
detached
desire
Schmit,
Nam
June
Paik,
joining
Kosugi,
leading
date
CHARLIE
CHAPLIN
TAKAKO
SAITO
ANDERSEN
JACKSON
KOSUGI
ONO
SIMPLICITYWALTER
STANLEY
MADE
WALTER
KOSUG
INDETERMINACY
ICHIY
CUNNINGHAM
KEN
BENGT
KLINTBERG
ALLAN
KAPROW
SYNTHETIC